Understanding Crohn’s Disease: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis

Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disorder (IBD). It can be unpleasant and debilitating, and it can occasionally result in life-threatening consequences. In this article, we shall cover everything you need to know about this disease, its causes, symptoms, and diagnosis.

Understanding Crohn’s Disease
Understanding Crohn’s Disease

What Is Crohn’s Disease?

As mentioned, Crohn’s Disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease. This disease can make digestive system inflammation, thus resulting in severe diarrhea, stomach discomfort, tiredness, weight loss, and malnutrition.

Crohn’s disease-related inflammation can affect various parts of the digestive system in different persons. What’s more, this kind of inflammation can even extend into the bowel’s deeper layers frequently. While there is no known treatment for Crohn’s disease, medicines can significantly lessen its signs and symptoms and even result in long-term remission and inflammatory healing. Many patients with Crohn’s disease can function normally with therapy. 

Crohn’s disease is often diagnosed and treated by a Gastroenterologist. If you are interested in this profession, check out our article on Introduction To Gastroenterologist – Everything You Need To Know.

Crohn’s Disease Symptoms

Crohn’s Disease Symptoms
Crohn’s Disease Symptoms

The disease can impact any part of the small or large intestine inside your body, and it can even spread to numerous other segments. In other cases, the illness is limited to the colon, which is a section of the large intestine.

Crohn’s disease symptoms can range from minor to severe. Most of the time, they appear bit by bit, although they can suddenly come out of nowhere sometimes. Sometimes, you won’t have indications or symptoms (remission) at all, so it’s hard to tell. 

Crohn’s disease symptoms frequently appear gradually. Certain symptoms may also worsen with time. It is generally conceivable, but it is not common for the symptoms to appear suddenly and quickly. The following are some of the first signs of Crohn’s disease:

  • diarrhea
  • cramping in the abdomen
  • There is blood in your stool
  • fever
  • fatigue
  • a decrease in appetite
  • Loss of weight
  • feeling like your bowels aren’t emptied after having a bowel movement
  • experiencing the urge for bowel motions on a regular basis

Crohn’s Disease Causes

Crohn’s Disease Causes
Crohn’s Disease Causes

It is unknown what causes Crohn’s disease. The following things, however, may impact your odds of acquiring it:

  • your defense system
  • your genetics
  • your surroundings

According to the CCFA, up to 20% of persons with Crohn’s disease also have a parent, child, or sibling with the condition.

Certain variables, according to a 2012 research, might influence the intensity of your symptoms. These are some examples:

  • whether or not you smoke
  • your age
  • if the rectum is engaged or not
  • how long you’ve had the sickness

Crohn’s Diagnosis

Your gastroenterologist will not be able to identify Crohn’s disease just on a single test result. They will start by ruling out any other possible reasons for your symptoms.

To receive the best result from the diagnosis, your doctor can perform a variety of tests, including:

  • Blood testing can assist your doctor in detecting potential issues such as anemia and inflammation.
  • Doctors can perform a stool test to help them detect blood in your gastrointestinal system.
  • An endoscopy may be ordered by your doctor to obtain a better view of the inside of your upper gastrointestinal system.
  • A colonoscopy to check the big bowel may be ordered by your doctor.
  • Imaging procedures, such as CT scans and MRI scans, provide your doctor with more information than a standard X-ray. Both tests enable your doctor to look at particular parts of your tissues and organs.
  • During an endoscopy or colonoscopy, your doctor will most likely take a tissue sample, or biopsy, to have a better look at your digestive tract tissue.


Crohn’s disease research is still underway in order to develop more effective treatments and, maybe, a cure. However, symptoms can be well controlled, and remission is possible. Your doctor can assist you in locating the appropriate medicines, alternative therapies, and lifestyle changes. If you are experiencing gastrointestinal problems, consult your doctor to identify the reason and possible treatments.